The fields of psychology and education underwent a revolution 30 years ago when Howard Gardner, a professor of psychology at Harvard University, published the results of his research on cognitive skills development at the University of Harvard. To be human.
He had noticed that some children with high IQ miss their studies, that some recognized intellectuals are quite able to read the instructions to build a piece of furniture, but not to mount it; while an illiterate will do it effortlessly. He had also observed that certain manual, artistic or relational gifts were not considered in the measure of intelligence. His research has allowed him to identify between 7 and 10 forms of intelligence in humans.
Certain social and cultural representations tend to consider that some children are not intelligent because they are less successful in certain subjects or because they are failing in school. In some cultures indeed, to make a scientific class, to excel in mathematics is the proof of an intelligence superior to the others. But because there are different forms of intelligence, a child's failure in school can result from the fact that education methods do not allow him to make use of the dominant intelligence (or minds). him.
There are therefore many intelligences. These forms of intelligence are found, to varying degrees, in each of us, but three or four can be dominant. And because the individual profile can evolve over time, the interest of what follows is to help us recognize the resources our children have.
Linguistic (or verbal) intelligence is about using language to understand others and to express what you think. Just like logical-mathematical intelligence, it is measured in IQ tests. Hearing people are thus much easier to hear words than to see and retain images. It is recognized by: the love of language and speech. Whoever has it has such a good memory of dates and names, likes to tell stories.
It is found in speakers, lawyers, poets, writers, but also people who have to read and speak in their respective fields to solve problems, create and understand.
Children who have this form of intelligence are sensitive to the order, the rhythm of words and the humor associated with it. They like to read, talk, tell and hear stories. They have a good memory of dates and names.
It is recognized by: an ability to use logic, analysis, observation, reasoning about things. Those who possess this intelligence reason in a sequential way, like the interpretation of quantities, ask themselves the questions "why?" "How?". Researchers in biology, computer science, medicine, pure science or mathematics demonstrate logico-mathematical intelligence. They use the intellectual abilities attached to it.
Children with this form of intelligence are able to identify logical and numerical structures and use a long chain of reasoning. They like to solve problems, want cause-and-effect relationships, reasons for everything.
The musical intelligence
Musical intelligence is the ability to think in rhythms and melodies, to recognize musical patterns, to memorize them, to interpret them, to create them, or to be sensitive to the musicality of words and sentences. Virtuosos in this field manifest their intelligence by making you vibrate with nuances, changes of rhythm and other variants transmitted by their musical instrument or their voice. Mozart is a good example for this form of intelligence.
Children who possess this form of intelligence are sensitive to the timbre, the rhythm, the sounds of a melody. They often hum, sing, dance to the slightest rhythm.
Kinesthetic or corporal intelligence
It is the ability to use one's body or part of one's body to communicate or express oneself in everyday life or in an artistic context; to perform tasks involving fine motor skills; to learn by manipulating objects; to exercise or play sports. It is recognized in particular by: the desire to move, the tendency to be constantly moving. For example, there is an intellectual potential that allows the basketball player to calculate the height, the strength and the effect of the throw to the basket. The brain anticipates the point of arrival of the balloon and sets in motion a series of movements to solve the problem. So we find this type of intelligence among athletes.
Children with this potential use their bodies to solve problems, to create products or to convey ideas.They express themselves through the movement. They have a great need to move, touch, take things and play with them. They are skilled in manual work.
Visual or spatial intelligence
It allows the individual to use specific intellectual abilities that provide him with the opportunity to be, mentally, a spatial representation of the world. Those who own it like: design, draw, read graphics, make posters, organize space, objects, surfaces. They often need pictures to understand. Native Americans on the American continent or pygmies in Africa travel in the forest using their mental representation of the terrain. They visualize landmarks in nature and use them to progress. This form of intelligence makes it possible to create works of art and crafts, to harmoniously arrange clothes, furniture or objects. Geographers, painters, fashion designers, architects, photographers, cameramen take advantage of this intellectual potential.
Children with this intelligence form have the ability to create visual images - spatial, mentally or concretely. They first look at graphics, images and illustrations. They like to draw.
Naturalistic intelligence is the intelligence of the biologist, botanist, ecologist, oceanographer, zoologist, explorer, hunter, fisherman and chef. The individual is able to classify, discriminate, recognize and use his or her knowledge about the natural environment, animals, plants or minerals. He has a skill in recognizing traces of animals, models of life in nature, finding ways of survival; he knows what animals or plants are to be avoided, what species he can feed on. He has a concern for the conservation of nature. Often those in whom this form of intelligence is well developed, like to have an observation notebook or keep their observations in memory; they love to take care of animals, cultivate a garden and are in favor of setting up parks in their city; they are adept at conserving their environment. Indigenous peoples use this form of intelligence in an exceptional way.
Children who possess this form of intelligence have the ability to identify patterns, sets in the natural world such as plants and animals. They are sensitive to their natural environment.
Interpersonal (or social) intelligence allows the individual to act and react with others in the correct way. It leads him to notice the differences of temperament, character, motives of action between individuals. It allows empathy, cooperation, tolerance. Those who own it like to talk and influence are usually leaders of a group or organizers. They generally communicate well and are good at resolving conflicts. They also have good listening skills, are skilled at negotiating and are persuasive. This form of intelligence makes it possible to understand and generate valid solutions to help others.
These children who possess it demonstrate the ability to know and understand others in their motives, intentions and goals. They enjoy working in groups and notice the needs and emotions of those around them. They do it with success.
Intrapersonal intelligence is the ability to introspect, that is, to return within oneself, to identify one's feelings, to analyze one's thoughts, behaviors and emotions. This form of intelligence makes it possible to understand oneself, to see what one is capable of doing, to see one's limits and strengths, to identify one's desires, dreams and understand one's reactions. It is also the ability to seek help when needed. In short, it is to be able to have a fairly fair representation of oneself. This form of intelligence makes it possible to solve problems related to our personality and to work on oneself. It works closely with interpersonal intelligence, because to work well with others, one must be aware of one's own emotions and know how to control them. Those who possess it like loneliness, like to think, are skilled in setting goals.
These children have a knowledge of themselves. They have the ability to find ways to use their strengths and they also know their weaknesses. They understand their emotions and expectations. They appreciate loneliness, they have a strong inner life.
The interest of this tool in supporting our children, is to help them discover their personal resources and their ability to learn.It is also to help them to choose, according to their style and their abilities, the methods and strategies that are best for them, with the aim of enabling them to integrate and consolidate all the learning they will have to do in their career. life, to assume their responsibilities according to their pace, according to the complexity of learning and according to their own abilities to learn.
And finally, here is a little test to determine the profile of your child.